Before moving on to the role of HTML in web development, let’s have a look at what is HTML and how does it work?
HTML was discovered by Tim Berners-Lee. It was first time written in 1993. HTML stands for “HyperText Markup Language” which is a programming language. The word HTML has two parts. The first one is Hypertext which means” clickable”, Markup Language means to represent things or indicate things. To sum up, HTML is a programming language and contains hyper (clickable) text. That is to say, HTML is the foundation of web development. We can see on any web page, the page source. Thus, this page source indicates the whole structure of a web page in HTML coding. HTML is built by codes.
These codes are only instructions to the web browser on how to show or represent text. When we see a web page we cannot see the backend coding of that page. Every page of a website has backend coding. This coding can be easily seen by going to > Options > View source page. In other words, This page has all the coding directing the written text or the text to be shown. As a result, we see text written on different web pages. Instructions are written in the backend coding present the text before us. Any web browser is capable of reading HTML coding. It reads the HTML coding and gives output.
Role of HTML In Web Development.
Further, HTML coding is a building block of any web page. Web pages combine to form a website. A website is a collection of different web pages. We use specific coding to develop each page. So, there are three major components of a web page. Firstly, we consider HTML. Secodly, Java and further, CSS.
All the components in web development are necessary. One without the other is something incomplete. But if we see the importance and the power of HTML, we see that HTML, as by name is capable to deal with text. Java is the functionality of text and CSS is its design. Further, HTML with its partners makes a web page fully functional and attractive. Sometimes, we find text like “click here”. When clicked a new page opens. This is what the hyper means. By now we are going to discuss the important role played by HTML in web development. The HTML, for instance, emphasize on
- Defines the size of the text.
- Defines the shape/ font style of the text.
- Aligns the text in different portions/ Directions.
- Arranges the text in tabular form.
- Refers page viewers to the next page.
- Supports images so, you can display them on the web page.
- Supports videos too.
- With the help of Java, it performs calculations and
- Performs conditional tasks.
- Can embed different scripts in itself to perform complicated tasks.
How HTML works?
So, now is the time to discuss the working of HTML. Till now, we have learned that HTML is HyperText Markup Language. We use it to develop web pages. Now is the time to know that how HTML works? How it visualizes data in different styles? How does it align with the text? and how it embeds different codes? I would like to write a short code and provide its output.
<b> This is Mr. ABC. </b> He is a gentleman.
This is Mr. ABC. He is a gentleman.
The above code “b” enclosed in angle brackets directs the web browser to display the text after <b> as bold. The whole text after <b> to the page end is not show as bold. In fact, at the next point, we saw the same code with a sharp (/) sign. This sharp sign instructs the web browser to stop showing the text in bold form. In the same manner, the following code underlines the text.
<u> This is Mr. ABC. </>
This is Mr. ABC.
So, I hope the above blog was useful for you and I helped you to understand the role of HTML in web development.